family Nelumbonaceae . The Linnaean binomial
Nelumbo nucifera is the currently recognized name for this species, which has been classified under the
former names , Nelumbium speciosum Willd. and
Nymphaea nelumbo , among others. (These names are obsolete synonyms and are avoided in current works.) This plant is an aquatic perennial.
It is an aquatic herbaceous plant.
It floats on the top of the water, whilst its roots, stem and stalk of flower remain under water..
This beautiful pink and white flower has a glowing yellow center.
The stem, known as rhizome, is thick and fleshy.
Leaves are large, round, dark-green, smooth and shining. They remain floating.
Flowers are large, showy with many boat-shaped petals. Flower and leaf-stalk are long with coarse surface.
Fruits are large, triangular shaped, spongy containing many seeds.
Habitat: The Lotus is an aquatic (i.e. water dwelling) herb with floating leaves. It is found growing in shallow water of ponds, lakes, ditches. Occasionally it is cultivated in small pools in the gardens (lily pool).
1. Lotus is a national flower of India.
2. It is red, pink, black etc. in colour.
3. It is a symbol of peace and prosperity.
4. The juice of its stem is used in medicine.
5. Generally it is found in pond, river, canal etc.