Advantages of Horticultural Crop
Horticultural crop produce of higher biomass than field crops per unit areas resulting in efficient utilization of natural resources.
Highly remunerative for replacing subsistence farming and thus alleviate poverty level in rainfed, dryland hilly arid and costal agro-systems.
Potential for development wastelands through planned strategies,w
Need comparatively less water than food crops
Provide higher employment opportunity,
Important for nutritional security.
High value crops with high potential of value-addition
High potential of value addition,
High potential for foreign exchange earnings.
Make higher contribution to GDP, (Gross Domestic Product) i.e.24.5% from 8.5 % area under these crops.
Significant increases have occurred in the volume and value of horticultural crops involved in international trade. Many lesser-developed countries have prioritized high-valued non-traditional crops (i.e. fruits, vegetables, and floricultural crops) as an integral part of their nationwide economic development plan. Buyers and consumers in the principal importing nations require consistent supplies of high quality products. Proper external and internal quality characteristics must be met, which may vary depending on the market destination. Color, texture, size, and flavor continue to be the predominant quality characteristics important for successful international marketing of horticultural crops. Product nutraceutical value is also a quality characteristic playing a significantly more important role among consumers in making purchasing decisions. Significant shifts in fruit and vegetable crop demand have recently occurred based on product quality characteristics. Examples include the shift in demand from Smooth Cayenne pineapple to the sweeter, more attractively colored MD-2 cultivar, easy-peel seedless citrus fruit, high skin blush low fiber mangoes, higher internal colored papayas and grapefruit, uniquely-flavored apples, high antioxidant containing berries, sweet onions, and fresh-cut pre-packaged shelf-ready fruits and vegetables. Innovations in product presentation and convenience will continue to play a significant role in export marketing of horticultural crops. New and unique product colors, flavors, and textures will continue to attract consumer interest and create international market
Horticulture crops perform a vital role in the Indian economy by generating employment, providing raw material to various food processing industries, and higher farm profitability due to higher production and export earnings from foreign exchange.