A civilized society is that which embraces diversification of activities, beliefs and actions of humankind. It is modern and free to any decision committed by human kind. It creates a harmonious environment among the members understands that every individual is entitled to their freedom and equality. It is open to all religious denominations with limited restrictionns on the peoples way of life.
communalism: it means attempts to promote religious ideas between groups of people are identified as different communities.
communalism can take various forms in politics :
(i) the most common expression of communalism is in everyday beliefs. these routinely involve religious prejudices, a stereotype of religious communities and belief in the superiority of one's religion over other religions. is so common that we often fail to notice it, even when we believe in it.
(ii) a communal mind often leads to a quest for political dominance of one's own religious community. for those belonging to majority community, takes the form of majoritarian dominance. for those belonging to the minority community, it can take the form of a desire to form a separate political unit.
(iii) political mobilisation on religious lines is another frequent form of communalism. involves the use of sacred symbols, religious leaders, emotional appeal and plain fear in order to bring the followers of one religion together in the political arena.
(iv) sometimes communalism takes its most ugly form of communal violence, riots and massacre.