☆ It is situated in a depression of the sphenoid bone of the fore head. This is called sella -tunica.
●Its weight is approx 0.6 grams.
●This is know as master glad and it is controlled by hypothalmus.
■ STH Hormone (somatotropic Hormone)
》》It controls the growth of the body especailly the growth of bones.
By the excessive of STH gigantism and acromegaly are caused, in which height of human grows abnormally.Lack of STH causes
dwarfism in human.
■THS Hormone (Thyroid stimulating Hormone)
》》It stimulates the thyroid gland to secrete hormone.
■ACTH Hormone (Adrenocorticotropic Hormone)
》》It control the secretion of adrenal cortex.
■GTH Hormone (Growth Hormone)
》》It controls the functions of gonads.
This is of two types :
1.)FSH Hormone (Follicle- stimulating Hormone)
》》In male it stimulates spermatogenesis in the seminiferous tubules of the testis.
In females,It stimulates the Graffian follicles of the ovary to secret the hormone Oestrogen.
2.)LH Hormone (Luteiniging Hormone)
》》 Interstitial cell stimukating hormone .. secretion of testosterone hormone takes place in male and in case of female estrogen hormone secreted.
■LTH Hormone (Lactogenic Hormone )
》》 Its main function is to stimulate secretion of milk from breasts for infants.
■ADH Hormone (Antidiuretic Hormone)
》》It causes increase in blood pressure .
It is helpful in maintaining the water balance in the body and reduce the volume of urine.
Hope it will helps u :)
Anatomy of the Pituitary Gland
The posterior lobe produces two hormones, vasopressin and oxytocin. These hormones are released when the hypothalamus sends messages to the pituitary gland through nerve cells. Vasopressin is also known as antidiuretic hormone (ADH).
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Different types of endocrine glands
Follicular cells (also called thyroid epithelial cells or thyrocytes) are present in the thyroid gland which is responsible for the production of hormones thyroxine (T4), triiodothyronine (T3) and calcitonin.
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The male hormone(testosterone) secreted by testis in males is useful for-
1. Developing secondary sexual characteristics in males.
2. Increase in facial hair growth.
3. Increase of hair growth under arm pits and pelvic area.
4. Modulation of voice into hoarse.
5. Development of secondary sexual organs like vas deferns, cowpers gland, prostate gland etc which help in the development of sperms.
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In men testosterone is secreated And in women progesterone. Hope it helps you Mark my ans the brainliest please
Make hormone called testosterone
Which help in production of sperms
And secondary sexual characteristics in human male body
Like produce beard
Ok...pls mark it brainlist