It performs all the banking functions of the State and Central Government and it also tenders useful advice to the government on matters related to economic and monetary policy. It also manages the public debt of the government. 3. ... RBI lends money to all the commercial banks of the country.
Issue of bank notes...
Banker to government...
Custodian of Cash Reserves of commercial banks...
Costodian of country's foreign currency reserves...
Lender to last resort...
Central clearance and accounts settlement...
Controller of credit...
Reserve Bank of India (RBI) is the central bank of the country. RBI is a statutory body. It is responsible for the printing of currency notes and managing the supply of money in the Indian economy.
Initially, the ownership of almost all the share capital was in the hands of non-government shareholders. So in order to prevent the centralisation of the shares in few hands, the RBI was nationalised on January 1, 1949.
Functions of Reserve Bank:
1. Issue of Notes —The Reserve Bank has a monopoly for printing the currency notes in the country. It has the sole right to issue currency notes of various denominations except one rupee note (which is issued by the Ministry of Finance).
2. Banker to the Government–The second important function of the Reserve Bank is to act as the Banker, Agent and Adviser to the Government of India and states. It performs all the banking functions of the State and Central Government and it also tenders useful advice to the government on matters related to economic and monetary policy. It also manages the public debt of the government.
3. Banker’s Bank:- The Reserve Bank performs the same functions for the other commercial banks as the other banks ordinarily perform for their customers. RBI lends money to all the commercial banks of the country.
4. Controller of the Credit:- The RBI undertakes the responsibility of controlling credit created by commercial banks. RBI uses two methods to control the extra flow of money in the economy. These methods are quantitative and qualitative techniques to control and regulate the credit flow in the country.
5. Custodian of Foreign Reserves:-For the purpose of keeping the foreign exchange rates stable, the Reserve Bank buys and sells foreign currencies and also protects the country's foreign exchange funds. RBI sells the foreign currency in the foreign exchange market when its supply decreases in the economy and vice-versa.
6. Other Functions:-The Reserve Bank performs a number of other developmental works. These works include the function of clearinghouse arranging credit for agriculture (which has been transferred to NABARD) collecting and publishing the economic data, buying and selling of Government securities (gilt edge, treasury bills etc)and trade bills, giving loans to the Government buying and selling of valuable commodities etc. It also acts as the representative of the Government in the International Monetary Fund (I.M.F.) and represents the membership of India.
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The central bank issues and regulates currency notes. It keeps reserves with a view to securing monetary stability and is called banker to banks. It regulates and supervise banks and other financial institutions. The RBI plays a vital role in economic growth of the country and maintaining price stability.
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The functions of Reserve Bank Of India are here
The Preamble of the RBI describes its basic functions to regulate the issue of bank notes, keep reserves to secure monetary stability in India, and generally to operate the currency and credit system in the best interests of the country.
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1.lender of last resort
2. issues currency
3.controller of credit
3. authorizes currency
4.formulates , implements and monitors monetary policy.
•Issue of Bank notes
•Central clearance and account settlement